Citizenship Questions
The questions in the citizenship test are based on information provided here
The test will ask you questions about Canada's electoral (voting) process, its government structure, Confederation, Canada's main historical and geographical features and the rights and responsibilities of citizenship. You should also be prepared to answer more specific questions about your region's economy, geography and history. Use the questions that follow to prepare for your test. All answers can be found in this publication, except for Section II below, which pertains to your particular region, and the information required in the section "Do You Know Canada's Form of Government?", which you will need to obtain on your own.

Section I. Questions about Canada
Who are the Aboriginal peoples of Canada?
What are the three main groups of Aboriginal peoples?
In which parts of Canada did the Aboriginal peoples first live?
What did the Aboriginal peoples living in your region depend on for survival?
From whom are the Métis descended?
In what industry did the Métis first work with European settlers?
Which group of Aboriginal peoples make up more than half the population of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut?
Why are the Aboriginal peoples of Canada working toward self-government?
Where did the first European settlers in Canada come from?
Why did the early explorers first come to Atlantic Canada?
Who are the Acadian people?
What three industries helped the early settlers build communities in the Atlantic region?
Who were the United Empire Loyalists?
When did the United Empire Loyalists come to Canada?
When did settlers from France first establish communities on the St. Lawrence River?
In which type of industry did most early European settlers work?
Which trade spread across Canada, making it important to the economy for over 300 years?
What form of transportation did Aboriginal peoples and fur traders use to create trading networks in North America?
How long did the Hudson's Bay Company control the northern lands?
What important trade did the Hudson's Bay Company control?
When did thousands of miners first come to the Yukon?
What did the government do to make immigration to western Canada much easier?
Which group of people were important in the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway?
When was the Canadian Pacific Railway finished?
What did the federal government do to encourage people to settle in the Prairie provinces during the early 1900s?
What does Confederation mean?
What is the Canadian Constitution?
In what year did Canada become a country?
Which document made Confederation legal?
Which document first defined the responsibilities of the federal and provincial governments?
When did the British North America Act come into effect?
Why is the British North America Act important in Canadian history?
Which four provinces first formed the Confederation?
List each province and territory and tell when each one joined the Confederation.
Which was the last province to join Canada?
When is Canada Day and what does it celebrate?
Who was the first prime minister of Canada?
Why is the Constitution Act of 1982 important in Canadian history?
What part of the Constitution legally protects the basic rights and freedoms of all Canadians?
When did the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms become part of the Canadian Constitution?
Name two fundamental freedoms protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
Name three legal rights protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
List four rights Canadian citizens have.
List three ways in which you can protect the environment.
Who has the right to apply for a Canadian passport?
Who has the right to enter and leave Canada at will?
Who has the right to be considered first for a job in the federal government?
What does equality under the law mean?
What does "mobility rights" mean?
Name six responsibilities of citizenship.
Give an example of how you can care for Canada's natural heritage.
What will you promise when you take the Oath of Citizenship?
Explain how a citizenship right can also be seen as a citizenship responsibility -- for example, the right to vote.
Give an example of how you can show responsibility by participating in your community.
Which legal document recognizes the cultural diversity of Canadians?
What are the two official languages of Canada?
Which legal documents protect the rights of Canadians with regard to official languages?
Give an example of where English and French have equal status in Canada.
Where do most French-speaking Canadians live?
Which province has the most bilingual Canadians?
Which province is the only officially bilingual province?
What does the Canadian flag look like?
What song is Canada's national anthem?
Give the first two lines of Canada's national anthem.
Where does the name "Canada" come from?
Which animal is an official symbol of Canada?
What is the tower in the centre of the Parliament buildings called?
What unique art form was developed by the First Nations people on the West Coast?
Why is the North sometimes called the "Land of the Midnight Sun"?
An act of Parliament was required to create a new territory in Canada's North. What is the name of the new territory?
What is the population of Canada?
What three oceans border on Canada?
How many provinces and territories are there in Canada?
What is the capital city of Canada?
Name all the provinces and territories and their capital cities.
Name the five regions of Canada.
What are the provinces of Central Canada?
What are the provinces of the Atlantic Region?
What are the Prairie provinces?
What are the territories of northern Canada?
Name one province that is on the Atlantic coast of Canada.
Name a province on the Pacific coast of Canada.
Which region covers more than one-third of Canada?
Where do more than half the people in Canada live?
One-third of all Canadians live in which province?
What is the Canadian Shield?
Where is the Canadian Shield?
Where are the Canadian Rockies?
Where are the Great Lakes?
What are the names of the Great Lakes?
Where is the St. Lawrence Seaway?
Name two mountain ranges in Canada.
Which territory shares a border with another country?
Which province is known as the "Land of 100,000 Lakes"?
Which provinces are joined to New Brunswick by land?
To which ocean is Newfoundland closest?
Which mountain range forms a border between Alberta and British Columbia?
Which two provinces are closest to Prince Edward Island?
Which province in Canada is the smallest in land size?
Where are the Parliament buildings located?
Which country borders Canada on the south?
What are the three main types of industries in Canada?
In what sorts of jobs do most Canadians work?
What country is Canada's largest trading partner?
Why are the Great Lakes important to Canada?
Why is the St. Lawrence Seaway important to Canada?
Why is the Canadian Shield important to Canada's economy?
List four important minerals found in the Canadian Shield.
Which province is one of the most productive agricultural regions in the world?
Which region is known as the industrial and manufacturing heartland of Canada?
Which region of Canada is known for both its fertile agricultural land and valuable energy resources?
Which two provinces produce more than three-quarters of Canadian manufactured goods?
Which province is the biggest producer of metals in Canada?
Which province is Canada's main producer of pulp and paper?
Which province has the largest dairy farming industry in Canada?
Which province has the most valuable forest industry in Canada?
Which province is Canada's major producer of oil and gas?
Which province is Canada's leading wheat producer?
Which province is Canada's largest producer of hydroelectricity?
Which two fuels provide about one-half of all the energy used in Canada?
Which products from southern Ontario are among Canada's key exports?
Name three minerals still being mined in the territories today.
Which city provides important shipping and air links between Canada and other countries across the Pacific Ocean?
What products are produced in the Niagara Peninsula?
More than half of Canada's aeronautics and space industries are located in which province?
For what is the Okanagan Valley famous?
What fish is a valuable industry on the West Coast?
Who is Canada's Head of State?
Who is the Queen's representative in Canada?
What is the name of the Governor General?
What do you call the Queen's representative in the provinces and territories?
What is Canada's system of government called?
What are the three parts of Parliament?
What are the three levels of government in Canada?
Explain how the three levels of government are different.
Name two levels of government and explain how they are different.
Name two responsibilities for each level of government.
What do you call a law before it is passed?
How does a bill become a law?
What is the final step before a bill becomes a law?
What do the initials MP stand for in Canadian politics?
How are members of Parliament chosen?
Who do members of Parliament represent?
What does a member of Parliament do?
What is an "electoral district"?
How many electoral districts are there in Canada?
In what electoral district do you live?
What four requirements must you meet in order to vote in a federal election?
What is a Notice of Confirmation of Registration?
What is a polling station?
What is a ballot?
What is written on an election ballot?
What do you mark on a federal election ballot?
What does voting by secret ballot mean?
Who has the right to vote in federal elections?
Who has the right to run as a candidate in federal elections?
Who do Canadians vote for in a federal election?
How is the government formed after an election?
How is the prime minister chosen?
When does an election have to be held according to the Constitution?
What do political parties do?
What does "party platform" mean?
Name all the federal political parties represented in the House of Commons and their leaders.
Which federal political party is in power?
To which party does your member of Parliament belong?
What does it mean for a political party to "be in power"?
What are the parties that are not in power called?
Which party becomes the Official Opposition?
What is the role of the Opposition parties?
Which party is the Official Opposition at the federal level?
What is a political candidate?
What do you call a candidate who does not belong to a political party?
What is a Cabinet minister?
How are senators chosen?
How can a party in power be defeated in Parliament?
What is the name of the Prime Minister of Canada?
What is the name of your member of Parliament?
How can you contact your member of Parliament?
Who do provincial members of the legislative or national assemblies represent?
What level of government passes "by-laws"?
Section II. Questions about your region
When did settlers from Europe first come to your region?
Who were the first settlers in the area where you live?
Why did the early Europeans come to your region in the 1600s, 1700s, 1800s or early 1900s?
What is the capital city of the province or territory in which you live?
What are the major industries of your city, province and region today?
What is the most valuable manufacturing industry in your region today?
List three minerals found in your region.
List three natural resources important to your region's economy today.
List the activities that are important to the tourism industry in your region.
What has always been important to the economy in your region?
Who is your city councillor, alderperson, reeve or regional councillor?
What is the name of your mayor?
What is the name of your provincial representative (member of the Legislative Assembly, member of the provincial Parliament, member of the National Assembly or member of the House of Assembly)?
What is the name of the premier of your province?
Which political party is in power in your province or territory?
What is the name of the leader of the Opposition in your province?
What is the name of your lieutenant-governor or commissioner?
These questions have been developed as a study guide. You may be asked questions similar to these when you undergo your citizenship test.


OK! OK! I have done a bit of work on this section as well and answered a few of the above. If you want to have a look at what I have so far then go here:
Citizenship Answers